A Review of Emerging Issues on Urban Land Management Policy in Nigeria

  • Abdullateef Iyanda BAKO
  • Femi Adekunle BALOGUN
Keywords: Land policy, Urban land management, Urban expansion, Sustainable development goals, Nigeria


Urban expansion has created a structural and ecological modification of the urban fabric, thus leading to complex interactions between land change and land cover. Land is essential for peace and human survival. However, various challenges must be addressed to ensure effective land management in urban areas. Several policies have been formulated to mitigate the effects of unplanned urban settlements in order to boost economic activities. This paper reviewed all the land-related policies in the past three decades and extricated the inherent environmental, agricultural, and economic implications of the policies in cities of Nigeria. Urban land management was conceptualised, while the systemic review was adopted as a methodology. Remarkably, the study revealed that: there are challenges to the documentation of rights to property on land-related disputes; unauthorised land development and inadequate access to developable land for housing led to slum formation and land use conflict; frequent flooding contributed to environmental degradation while rising land insecurity is limiting the achievement of sustainable development goals (SDG 1.3, 2.3, 5.6, and 10). The paper concluded that urban land management policies could not be effective without the comprehensive and interactive processes involving policy makers, urban planners, real estate developers, farmers; land-holding families; land speculators, decision-makers, and researchers while adaptation of modern technologies in land management, sustainable land use control policies on documentation of property rights, access to developable land for housing and open-grazing, mitigation policies on carbon emissions, physical environment, water and air quality were recommended.

Author Biographies

Abdullateef Iyanda BAKO

Department of Urban and Regional Planning

University of Ilorin, Nigeria

Femi Adekunle BALOGUN

Department of Urban and Regional Planning

University of Ibadan, Nigeria


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How to Cite
BAKO , A. I. B., & BALOGUN, F. A. B. (2023). A Review of Emerging Issues on Urban Land Management Policy in Nigeria. URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING REVIEW, 9(1), 37-44. Retrieved from http://urpr.unilag.edu.ng/article/view/1868